Difference between revisions of "Digest and Ligation"

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#Add 2uL of 10X Ligase Buffer to a 0.6mL tube.  
#Add 2uL of 10X Ligase Buffer to a 0.6mL tube.  
#Add XX amount of insert
#Add XX amount of insert
#Add XX amount of vector  
#Add XX amount of vector (50ng of DNA worth)
#Add 1uL of T4 Ligase
#Add 1uL of T4 Ligase
#Fill remaining volume with molecular grade water (in 4 degree fridge) to 20uL.  
#Fill remaining volume with molecular grade water (in 4 degree fridge) to 20uL.  

Revision as of 03:20, 8 November 2019

The protocols for digest and ligation are from New England Biolab's "NEB Cloner" tool: http://nebcloner.neb.com/#!/redigest. and NEBioCalculator:"https://nebiocalculator.neb.com/#!/ligation and NEB Ligation Protocol with T4 Ligase: https://www.neb.com/protocols/1/01/01/dna-ligation-with-t4-dna-ligase-m0202.

Restriction Enzymes in the MEE Lab (and Buffer to Use)

  • Acc651 (3.1 Buffer)
  • BamHI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • BglII (3.1 Buffer)
  • BsaI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • BsrGI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • DraI (CutSmart Buffer)
  • EcoRI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • EcoRV-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • HindIII-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • KpnI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • MluI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • NcoI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • PstI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • PvuI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • SacI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • SalI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • SnaBI (CutSmart Buffer)
  • SphI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)
  • SspI-HF (CutSmart Buffer)


Prior to digesting DNA, be sure to purify DNA amplified via PCR to remove primers and to change the buffer. Do this with the Zymogen DNA Clean and Concentrator Kits above the microwave.

Beforehand, turn on 37 degrees water bath and dry bath at 80 degrees (if you are heat inactivating the restriction enzymes).

Answer these questions:

  • What volume of DNA you will need to add in order to digest 1 µg?
  • Are you digesting with multiple restriction enzymes that require different buffers? If so, please talk to Eric.
  • Are you stopping here overnight (or longer)? Then, after the digestion, heat inactivate the enzymes at 80 degrees for 20 minutes.

For a 50 µl reaction:

DNA 1 µg
10X Buffer (CutSmart or 3.1) 5 µl (1X)
Each enzyme 1.0 µl
Nuclease-free Water to 50 µl

Incubate reactions in a 1.5mL microcentrifuge tube at 37 degrees for at least 1 hour.

You can store this DNA in the -20 freezer or in the 4 degree refrigerator for later use.

The next step is to purify (with the DNA Clean and Concentrator Kit) both the insert and plasmid vector DNA (separately) to remove the restriction enzymes.


Navigate to the NEBioCalculator: https://nebiocalculator.neb.com/#!/ligation .

  1. There are three values to insert into the calculator.
    1. Insert length in bp:
    2. Vector DNA length
    3. Vector DNA mass: enter 50ng.

Go with the (3:1) insert:vector ratio values. Based on the amount of ng DNA resulting from the calculation, determine the appropriate volume of DNA to add to the ligation. BE SURE TO USE THE T4 DNA LIGASE (With 10X Ligase Buffer) protocol on NEB's Website: https://www.neb.com/protocols/1/01/01/dna-ligation-with-t4-dna-ligase-m0202

Thaw and resuspend ligase buffer at room temperature prior to performing reaction.

The exact volumes of vector and insert to add to the ligation reaction will depend on results from the NEBioCalculator.

  1. Add 2uL of 10X Ligase Buffer to a 0.6mL tube.
  2. Add XX amount of insert
  3. Add XX amount of vector (50ng of DNA worth)
  4. Add 1uL of T4 Ligase
  5. Fill remaining volume with molecular grade water (in 4 degree fridge) to 20uL.
  6. Gently mix the reaction by gently pipetting up and down.
  7. Allow reaction to run for 10 minutes at room temperature.
  8. Heat inactivate at 65 degrees for 10 minutes.
  9. Either proceed to transformation, or store DNA in -20 degrees.